LIST OF POPES

This  list of popes corresponds to that given in the Annuario Pontificio under the heading "I Sommi Pontefici Romani" (The Supreme Pontiffs of Rome), excluding those that are explicitly indicated as antipopes. Published every year by the Roman Curia, theAnnuario Pontificio attaches no consecutive numbers to the popes, stating that it is impossible to decide which side represented at various times the legitimate succession, in particular regarding Pope Leo VIII, Pope Benedict V and some mid-11th-century popes.

The 2001 edition of the Annuario Pontificio introduced "almost 200 corrections to its existing biographies of the popes, from St Peter to John Paul II". The corrections concerned dates, especially in the first two centuries, birthplaces and the family name of one pope.


The term pope (Latin: papa "father") is used in several Churches to denote their high spiritual leaders (for example Coptic Pope). This title in English usage usually refers to the head of the Roman Catholic Church. The Roman Catholic pope uses various titles by tradition, including Summus PontifexPontifex Maximus, and Servus servorum Dei. Each title has been added by unique historical events and unlike other papal prerogatives, is not incapable of modification.


1st century

Numer
ical 
order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal namePlace 
of 
birth
Notes
1
33
 – 
64/67
Pope-peter pprubens.jpg
Saint 

Simon Peter
CΙΜΗΟΝ ΚΗΦΑC (contemporary Greek)
(modern Greek: Σίμων (or Συμεών) Κηφᾶς)

ܫܶܡܥܽܘܢ ܟ݁ܺܐܦ݂ܳܐ
Bethsaida,
Galilea
Apostle of 
Jesus from 
whom he 
received the
 keys to the
 Kingdom 
of Heaven, 
according to Matthew
16:18–19. Executed by crucifixion upside-down; feast day (Feast of Saints Peter and Paul) 29 June, (Chair of Saint Peter) 22 February. Recognized by the Catholic Church as the first Bishop of Rome appointed by Christ. Also revered as saint in Eastern Christianity,
with  feast day
 of 29 June.


2
64/67(?)
 – 
76/79(?)
Linus2.jpg

LINUS
Linus
Tuscia
Feast day 23 September. Also revered as a saint inEastern 
Christianity,
with a feast day
 of 7 June.
376/79(?)
 –
88/92
Popeanacletus.JPG
St Anacletus

(Cletus)
ANACLETUS
Anacletus
Rome
Martyred;
feast day 26 April. Once erroneously split into
Cletus and
Anacletus
4
88/92
 – 
97
San Clemente de Roma.jpg


Clement
Rome
Feast day 23 November. Also revered as a saint in Eastern 
Christianity,
 with a feast 
day of 25 
November.

5
97/99
 – 
105/107
Evaristus.jpg

Aristus

Bethlehem,

Judea
Feast day 
26 October


2nd century

Numer
ical 
order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal namePlace 
of 
birth
Notes
6
105/107
 – 
115/116
Pope Alexander I.jpg


Alexander

Rome

Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 16 March.
7
115/116 
– 
125
SixtusI.jpg


Xystus

Rome
6 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 10 August.
8
125 
– 
136/138
Telesphorus.JPG



Telesphorus

Terranova

da Sibari,

Calabria
9
136/138 
– 
140/142
Hyginus.jpg

St Hyginus

HYGINUS

Hyginus

Athens, Greece
Traditionally martyred; feast day 11 January
10
140/142
 – 
155
Pope Pius I.jpg
St Pius I

PIUS
Pius
Aquileia,
Friuli
Martyred by sword; feast day 11 July
11
155
166
Papa Aniceto cropped.jpg
St Anicetus

ANICETUS
Anicitus
Emesa, Syria
Traditionally martyred; feast day 17 April
12
c. 166 
– 
1
74/175
Soter.jpg
St Soter

SOTERIUS
Soter
Fondi, 
Latium
Traditionally martyred; feast day 22 April
13
174/175
 – 
189
Eleutherius.jpg
St Eleuterus

ELEUTHERIUS
Eleuther

Nicopoli,

Epirus
Traditionally martyred; feast day 6 May
14
189
 – 
198/199
Victor I..jpg
St Victor I
VICTOR
Victor
Roman Africa
15
199
217
Saintz05.jpg
St Zephyrinus

ZEPHYRINUS
Zephyrinus
Rome


3rd century

Numer
ical order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal namePlace 
of 
birth
Notes
16
c. 217
 – 
222/223
CalixtusI.jpg
St Callixtus I

CALLISTUS
Callistus
Iberian Peninsula
Martyred; feast day 14 October
17
222/223
 – 
230
UrbanI.jpg
St Urban I

URBANUS
Urban
Rome
Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 25 May.
18
21 
July 
230
– 
28 September 235
(5 years+)
Pope Pontian.jpg
St Pontian

PONTIANUS
Pontianus
Rome
First to abdicate office after exile
 to Sardinia by Emperor
Maximinus Thrax. TheLiberian Catalogue records his death on 28 September 235, the earliest exact date in papal history.
19
21 November 235
– 
January 
236
(44 days)
Anterus.jpg
St Anterus

ANTERUS
Anterus
Petilia 
Policastro - Calabria
Also revered 
as a saint in 
Eastern Christianity, 
with a feast 
day of 5 August.
20
10 
January 
236
– 
20 
January 
250
(14 years+)
Saint Fabian1.jpg
St Fabian

FABIANUS
Fabianus
Rome
Feast day 20 January. Also revered as a 
saint in Eastern Christianity, 
with a feast day 
of 5 August.
21
6/11 
March 
251
– 
June 
253
(2 years+)
Heiliger Cornelius.jpg
St Cornelius

CORNELIUS
CorneliusDied a martyr, through extreme hardship; feast day 16 September
22
25 
June 
253
– 
March 
254
(256 days)

Lucius I.jpg
St Lucius I

LUCIUS
Lucius
Rome
Feast day 4 March
23
12
 May 
254
– 
August 
257
(3 years+)
Stephen I.jpg
St Stephen I

STEPHANUS
Stephanus
Rome
Martyred by beheading; feast day 2 August. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with the same feast day.
24
30/31 August 
257
– 
August 
258
(340/341 days)
Sandro Botticelli - Sixte II.jpg
St Sixtus II

XYSTUS 
Secundus
Sixtus
Greece
Martyred by beheading. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 10 August.
25
22 
July 
259
– 
26 December 268
(9 years+)
Pope Dionysius.jpg
St Dionysius

DIONYSIUS
Dionysius
Greece
Feast day 26 December
26
January
 269
– 
30 December 274
(5 years+)
PopeFelixI.jpg
St Felix I

FELIX
Felix
Rome
27
January 
275
– 
December 283
(8 years+)
Eutychian.jpg
St Eutychian

EUTYCHIANUS
Eutychianus
28
17 December 283
– 
22 
April 
296
(12 years+)
PCaius.jpg
St Caius

CAIUS
Gaius
Salona,
Dalmatia
Martyred (according to legend) Feast 
day 22 April. 
Also revered as 
a saint in Eastern Christianity, with
 a feast day of 
11 August.
29
30 
June 
296
– 
April 
304
(7 years+)
Marcellinus.jpg
St Marcellinus

MARCELLINUS
Marcellinus
Rome
Feast day 26 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 7 June.


4th century

Numer
ical 
order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal namePlace
 of
 birth
Notes
30
308
309
Papa Marcelo I.jpg
St Marcellus I

MARCELLUS
31
18 
April 
– 
17
 August 
309 or 310

PopeEusebius.jpg
St Eusebius

EUSEBIUS

Sardinia
32
2
 July
 311
– 
10 
January 
314
(2 years+)
Pope miltiades.jpg
St Miltiades

(Melchiades)


MILTIADES

Africa
First pope after the end of the persecution of Christians through the Edict of Milan(313 AD) issued byConstantine the Great
33
31 
January 
314
– 
31 December 335
(21 years+)
Sylvester I.jpg
St Sylvester I

SILVESTER

Sant'Angelo a Scala,Avellino
Feast day 31 December. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 2 January. First Council of Nicaea, 325.
34
18 
January 
336
– 
October 
336
(263 days)

Marcus (papa).jpg
St Mark

MARCUS

Rome
Feast day 7 October
35
February 337
– 
12 
April 
352
(15 years+)

Iulius I.jpg
St Julius I
IULIUS

Rome
36
17 
May 
352
– 
24 September 366
(14 years+)
Liberius.jpg
Liberius

LIBERIUS
Earliest Pope not yet canonized by the Roman Church. Revered as a saint inEastern Christianity, with a feast day of 27 August.
37
1 October 366
– 
11 December 384
(18 years+)

Damasoc.jpg
St Damasus I

DAMASUS

Idanha-a-Velha, Portugal
Patron of Jerome, commissioned the Vulgate
translation of the Bible.Council of Rome, 382.
38
11 December 384
 26 November 399
(14 years+)

Siricius.jpg
St Siricius

Papa SIRICIUS
39
27 November 399
– 
19 December 401
(2 years+)
Anastasius I.jpg
St Anastasius I

Papa 
ANASTASIUS

Rome


5th century

Numer
ical order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal namePlace 
of 
birth
Notes
40
22 December 401
– 
12 
March 
417
(15 years+)

Pope Innocent I.jpg
St Innocent I

Papa 
INNOCENTIUS

Albano, Latium
Visigoth Sack of Rome (410)under Alaric
41
18 
March 
417
– 
26
 December 418
(1 year+)

Pope Zosimus.jpg
St Zosimus

Papa ZOSIMUS

Mesoraca - Calabria
42
28/29 December 418
– 
September 422
(3 years+)

Pope Boniface I Illustration.jpg
St Boniface I

Papa 
BONIFATIUS
43
10 
September 422
– 
27 
July 
432
(9 years+)

Pope Celestine I.jpg
St Celestine I

Papa 
COELESTINUS

Rome,
Western Roman Empire
Also revered as a saint inEastern Christianity, with a feast day of 8 April.
44
31 
July 
432
– March
/August 
440
(~8 years)

Pope-Sixtus-III.jpg
St Sixtus III

Papa 
SIXTUS 
Tertius
45
29 September 440
– 
10 November 461
(21 years+)
Herrera mozo San León magno Lienzo. Óvalo. 164 x 105 cm. Museo del Prado.jpg
St Leo I
(Leo the Great)

Papa 
LEO 
MAGNUS

Rome
Convinced Attila the Hun to turn back his invasion of Italy. Wrote the Tome which was instrumental in theCouncil of Chalcedon and in defining the hypostatic union. Feast day 10 November. Also revered as a saint inEastern Christianity, with a feast day of 18 February.
46
19 November 461
– 
29 February 468
(6 years+)

Nuremberg chronicles - Hilarius, Pope (CXXXVIv).jpg
St Hilarius

Papa 
HILARIUS
Hilarius
Sardinia
47
3
 March 
468
– 
10 
March
 483
(15 years+)

Sansimpliciopapa.jpg
St Simplicius

Papa
 SIMPLICIUS
Simplicius
Tivoli
48
13 
March 
483
– 
March 4
92
(8 years+)
Felix3.jpg
St Felix III 
(Felix II)

Papa 
FELIX Tertius (Secundus)
Felice
Rome
Sometimes called Felix II
49
March 
492
– 
21 November 496
(4 years+)

Pope Gelasius I.jpg
St Gelasius I

Papa 
GELASIUS
Gelasius
Africa
To date, the last pope to have been born on the continent of Africa.
50
24 November 496
 19 November 498
(~2 years)

Pope Anastasius II.jpg
Anastasius II

Papa 
ANASTASIUS
Secundus
Anastasius

Rome
51
22 November 498
– 
19 
July 
514
(15 years+)

Simmaco - mosaico Santa Agnese fuori le mura.jpg
St Symmachus

Papa 
SYMMACHUS
Simmaco
Sardinia


6th–15th centuries


6th century

Numerical orderPontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal namePlace of birthNotes
52
20 
July 
514
– 
19 
July 
523
(~9 years)

Pope Hormisdas Illustration.jpg
St Hormisdas

Papa 
HORMISDAS
Hormisdas
Frosinone, Southern Latium
Father of Pope Silverius
53
13 
August 523
– 
18 
May 
526
(2 years+)
Papa Ioannes I.jpg
St John I

Papa 
IOANNES
Giovanni
Toscana
54
13 
July 
526
– 
22 September 530
(4 years+)
Mosaic of Felix IV (III) in Santi Cosma e Damiano, Rome, Italy (527–530).jpg
St Felix IV (Felix III)

Papa 
FELIX 
Quartus 
(Tertius)
Felice
Samnium
Sometimes called Felix III
55
22 September 530
– 
17 October 532
(2 years+)
Pope Boniface II.jpg
Boniface II

Papa 
BONIFATIUS 
Secundus
Bonifacio
Rome to
Ostrogoth
parents
56
January 533
– 
8 May 
535
(2 years+)
Pope John II.jpg
John II

Papa 
IOHANNES 
Secundus
Mercurio
Rome
First pope to
 not use
 personal name. This was due to Mercury 
being a Roman god.
57
13 May
 535
– 
22 April 
536
(346 days)
Agapitus I.jpg
St Agapetus I

Papa 
AGAPITUS
Agapito
Rome,Ostrogothic Kingdom
Feast days 22 April 20 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 17 April.
58
1 June 
536
– 
11 November 537
(1 year+)
Silverius2.jpg
St Silverius

Papa 
SILVERIUS
Silverius

Exiled; feast day 20 June, son of Pope Hormisdas
59
29 March 537
– 
7 June 
555
(18 years+)
Pope Vigilius.jpg
Vigilius

Papa 
VIGILIUS

Rome
60
16 April 556
– 
4 March 561
(~5 years)
Pope Pelagius I.jpg
Pelagius I

Papa 
PELAGIUS

Rome
61
17 July 561
– 
13 July 574
(~13 years)
Papa Joao III.jpg
John III

Papa 
IOANNES 
Tertius
Catelinus
Rome,Eastern Roman Empire
62
2 June 
575
– 
30 July 579
(4 years+)
Benedict I.jpg
Benedict I

Papa 
BENEDICTUS
63
26 November 579
 7 February 590
(10 years+)
PopePelagiusII.jpg
Pelagius II

Papa
 PELAGIUS
 Secundus

Rome
64
3 September 590
 12 March 604
(13 years+)
Gregorythegreat.jpg
St Gregory I
(Gregory the Great)

Papa 
GREGORIUS 
MAGNUS
Gregorio
O.S.B.
Rome
First to formally employ the titles "Servus servorum Dei"and 
"Pontifex Maximus". Feast day 3 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 12 March.


7th century

Numer
ical order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal namePlace
 of 
birth
Notes
65
13 September 604
– 
22 February 606
(1 year+)

Sabinian.jpg
Sabinian

Papa 
SABINIANUS

Blera
66
19 February 607
– 
12 November 607
(267 days)

Boniface III.jpg
Boniface III

Papa 
BONIFATIUS 
Tertius
Bonifacio
Rome
67
25 August 608
– 
8 May 
615
(6 years+)
Boniface IV.jpg
St Boniface IV

Papa 
BONIFATIUS 
Quartus
Bonifacio
O.S.B.
Marsi
First Pope
 to bear the same name 
as his
 immediate predecessor. Member of theOrder of
 Saint Benedict.
68
19 
October 
615
 8 
November 618
(3 years+)

Papa Adeodato I.jpg
St Adeodatus I
(Deusdedit)

Papa 
ADEODATUS 
sive
DEUSDEDIT

Rome
Sometimes called Deusdedit, as a result Pope Adeodatus IIis sometimes called Pope Adeodatus 
without a number
69
23 December 619
– 
25 
October 625
(5 years+)
Papa Bonifacio V.jpg
Boniface V

Papa 
BONIFATIUS 
Quintus
Bonifacio
Naples
70
27 
October 625
– 
12 
October 638
(12 years+)

Onorio I - mosaico Santa Agnese fuori le mura.jpg
Honorius I

Papa
 HONORIUS
Onorio
Campania,
Byzantine Empire
Named a 
heretic and 
anathematized by the Third Council of Constantinople (680)
71
October 638
– 
August 
640
(1 year+)
Severinopapa.jpg
Severinus

Papa 
SEVERINUS
Severino
Rome
72
24 December 640
– 
12 
October 642
(1 year+)
Murner History Cod Karlsruhe 3117 (crop).jpg
John IV

Papa 
IOANNES 
Quartus


Zadar,

Dalmatia,

Byzantine Empire
73
24 November 642
– 
14 May 649
(6 years+)
Theodorus I.jpg
Theodore I

Papa 
THEODORUS

Jerusalem
Last Israeli Pope
74
21 July 
649
– 
16 September 655
(6 years+)
Pope Martin I.jpg
St Martin I

Papa 
MARTINUS
Martino

Near Todi,

Umbria,

Byzantine Empire
Feast Day 
12 November. 
Also revered as 
a saint in Eastern Christianity, 
with a feast day of 14 April.
75
10 August 654
– 
1 June 
657
(2 years+)
PopeeugeneI.jpg
St Eugene I

Papa 
EUGENIUS
Eugenio
Rome
76
30 July 
657
– 
27 
January 672
(14 years+)
Pope Vitalian.jpg
St Vitalian

Papa 
VITALIANUS


Segni,

Byzantine Empire
77
11 
April 672
– 
17 
June 676
(4 years+)
Adeodatus II.jpg
Adeodatus II

Papa 
ADEODATUS 
Secundus
unknown
O.S.B.

Rome,

Byzantine Empire
Sometimes called Pope Adeodatus
(without a
number) in reference to
 Pope Adeodatus I sometimes being called Pope Deusdedit.

Member of the
Order of Saint Benedict.
78
2 November 676
 11 
April 678
(1 year+)
Popedonus.jpg
Donus

Papa
 DONUS

Rome, Byzantine Empire
79
27 June 678
10 
January 681
(2 years+)

Agatho.gif
St Agatho

Papa 
AGATHO

Sicily
Also revered as a saint inEastern Christianity, with a feast day of 20 February.
80
17 August 682
– 
28 
June 683
(315 days)
LeoII.jpg
St Leo II

Papa 
LEO Secundus
Leo
Sicily
Feast day 3 July
81
26 June 684
– 
8 May
 685
(317 days)
BenedictII.jpg
St Benedict II

Papa 
BENEDICTUS 
Secundus
Benedetto
Rome, Byzantine Empire
Feast day 7 May
82
12 July 
685
– 
2 August 686
(1 year+)
Johannes V.jpg
John V

Papa 
IOANNES 
Quintus

Syria
83
21 
October 686
– 
22 September 687
(335 days)

Konon.jpg
Conon

Papa 
CONON

Sicily
84
15 December 687
 8 September 701
(13 years+)
Sergius I.jpg
St Sergius I

Papa
 SERGIUS

Sicily


8th century

Numer
ical 
order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal namePlace 
of 
birth
Notes
85
30 October 701
– 
11 
January 705
(3 years+)

John VI.jpg
John VI

Papa
 IOANNES 
Sextus
Ιωάννης
Greece
Last Greek Pope
86
1 March 705
– 
18 October 707
(2 years+)
Byzantinischer Mosaizist um 705 002.jpg
John VII

Papa
 IOANNES 
Septimus
Ιωάννης
Rossano - Calabria
Second pope 
to bear the 
same name 
as his immediate predecessor
87
15 
January 708
– 
February 708
(21 days)

Sisinnius.jpg
Sisinnius

Papa 
SISINNIUS

Syria

88
25 March 708
– 
9 April 
715
(7 years+)
PopeConstantine.jpg
Constantine


Papa 
COSTANTINUS

sive

CONSTANTINUS



Syria
Last pope 
to visit Greece
while in office, 
until John Paul II 
in 2001
89
19 May 715
– 
11 February 731
(15 years+)

GregoryII.jpg
St Gregory II

Papa 
GREGORIUS 
Secundus
Gregorio
Rome, Byzantine Empire
Feast day 11 February
90
18 March 731
 28 November 741
(10 years+)
Pope Gregory III.jpg
St Gregory III

Papa 
GREGORIUS 
Tertius

Syria
Third pope to 
bear the same 
name as his 
immediate 
predecessor. 
Was previously 
the last pope to 
have been born
 outside Europe 
until the election ofFrancis in 2013.

91
3 December 741
– 
14/22 March 
752
(10 years+)

Pope Zachary.jpg
St Zachary

Papa 
ZACHARIAS

Santa Severina - Calabria
Feast day 
15 March
(never conse
crated)
23 
March 752
– 
25 March 752
(Never took office as pope)
Pope-elect Stephen.jpg
Pope-elect Stephen

Papa 
Electus 
STEPHANUS


Sometimes 
known as 
Stephen II. 
Died three days 
after his 
election having 
never received 
episcopal 
consecration. 
Some lists still 
include his name. 
The Vatican 
sanctioned his 
addition to the
 list of popes
 in the sixteenth 
century; however
 he was removed 
in 1961. He is 
no longer 
considered a 
pope by the 
Catholic Church.

92
26 
March
 752
– 
26 April 757
(5 years+)

La donacion de Pipino el Breve al Papa Esteban II.jpg
Stephen II (Stephen III)

Papa 
STEPHANUS 
Secundus (Tertius)

Rome
Sometimes called Stephen III
93
29 May 757
– 
28 June 767
(10 years+)

Paul I.jpg
St Paul I

Papa 
PAULUS
Paolo
Rome
94
1/7 August 767
– 
24 
January 772
(4 years+)

StephenIII.jpg
Stephen III (Stephen IV)

Papa
 STEPHANUS 
Tertius 
(Quartus)
Stefano
Sicily
Sometimes 
called 
Stephen IV
95
1 February 772
– 
26 December 795
(23 years+)

Pope Adrian I.jpg
Adrian I

Papa 
HADRIANUS
Adriano
Rome
96
26 December 795
– 
12 June 816
(20 years+)
Leo III.jpg
St Leo III

Papa 
LEO 
Tertius
Leo
Rome
Crowned 
Charlemagne
Imperator Augustus on Christmas Day, 
800, thereby initiating what 
would become the office of Holy Roman Emperor requiring the imprimatur 
of the pope for its legitimacy


9th century

Numer
ical order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal namePlace of birthAge at election / death or resigned# years as popeNotes
97
12 
June 
816 
– 
24
 January 
817
Stephen IV.jpg
Stephen IV 
(Stephen V)

Papa 
STEPHANUS 
Quartus 
(Quintus)

Stephanus
Rome
<1
Sometimes 
called 
Stephen V
98
25 
January 
817 
– 
11 
February 
824
Apsis - Paschalis I..gif
St Paschal I

Papa 
PASCHALIS
Pasquale
Rome
7
99
May
 824
 – 
August 
827
Eugene II.jpg
Eugene II

Papa 
EUGENIUS 
Secundus
Eugenio
Rome
3
100
August 
827 
– 
September 827
Valentine.jpg
Valentine

Papa 
VALENTINUS
Valentino
Rome
<1
101
827
 – 
January 
844
Greg4papa.jpg
Gregory IV

Papa 
GREGORIUS 
Quartus
Gregorio
Rome
17
102
January 
844 
– 
January 
847
Pope Sergius II.jpg
Sergius II

Papa 
SERGIUS 
Secundus
Rome
3
103
January 
847 
– 
17 
July 
855
Pope St. Leo IV.jpg
St Leo IV

Papa 
LEO 
Quartus
Leo
O.S.B.
Rome
8
Member 
of the 
Order of 
Saint
 Benedict.
104
855 
– 
April 
858
Pope Benedict III.jpg
Benedict III

Papa 
BENEDICTUS 
Tertius
Benedetto
Rome
105
24 
April 
858 
– 
13 November 867
NicholasI.jpg
St Nicholas I
(Nicholas the Great)

Papa 
NICOLAUS 
MAGNUS

Niccolò
Rome
9
106
14 December 867
 – 
14 December 872
Adrian II.jpg
Adrian II

Papa 
HADRIANUS
Secundus
Adriano
Rome
5
107
14
 December 872
 – 
16 
December 882
Pope John VIII.jpg
John VIII

Papa 
IOANNES 
Octavus
Giovanni
Rome
10
108
16 December 882 
– 
15 
May 
884
Marinus I.jpg
Marinus I

Papa 
MARINUS
Marino
Gallese, Rome
1
109
17 
May 
884 
c.September 885
Papa Adriano III.jpg
St Adrian III

Papa 
HADRIANUS 
Tertius
Adriano
Rome
110
885
 – 
14 September 891
Stephen V.jpg
Stephen V (Stephen VI)

Papa 
STEPHANUS 
Quintus 
(Sextus)

Stefano
Rome
Sometimes 
called 
Stephen VI
111
19 September 891
 –
 4
 April 
896

PopeFormosusBW.jpg
Formosus

Papa 
FORMOSUS
Formoso
Ostia
4
Posthumously ritually executed 
following the Cadaver Synod
112
April
896 
– 
19 
April 
896
Boniface VI.jpg
Boniface VI

Papa 
BONIFATIUS 
Sextus
Bonifacio
Rome
<1
113
22 
May 
896 
– 
August 
897

Stephen VI.jpg
Stephen VI 
(Stephen VII)

Papa 
STEPHANUS 
Sextus 
(Septimus)

Stefano
1
Sometimes 
called 
Stephen VII
114
August
 897 
– 
November 897
Pope Romanus.jpg
Romanus

Papa 
ROMANUS
Romano
Gallese, Rome
<1
115
December 897
Pope Theodore II.jpg
Theodore II

Papa 
THEODORUS
Secundus
Teodoro
Rome
<1
116
January 
898 
– 
January
 900
John IX.jpg
John IX

Papa 
IOANNES
 Nonus

Giovanni
O.S.B.
Tivoli
Member of the Order 
of 
Saint Benedict.
117
900 – 903
Pope Benedict IV.jpg
Benedict IV

Papa 
BENEDICTUS 
Quartus

Benedetto
Rome


10th century

Numer
ical order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal namePlace
 of 
birth
Age at election / death or resigned# years as popeNotes
118
July 
903
 – 
September 
903
Pope Leo V.jpg
Leo V

Papa 
LEO 
Quintus

Leo
Ardea
<1
119
29 
January 
904 
– 
14 
April 
911
SergiusIII.jpg
Sergius III

Papa 
SERGIUS
 Tertius
Sergio
Rome
7
"Saeculum obscurum" begins
120
April 
911 
– 
June 
913
Pope Anastasius III.jpg
Anastasius III

Papa 
ANASTASIUS
Tertius

Rome
2
121
July/
August 
913
 – 
February
/March 
914
Pope Lando.jpg
Lando

Papa 
LANDUS
Lando
Sabina
<1
122
March 
914
 – 
May 
928
Pope John X.jpg
John X

Papa 
IOANNES 
Decimus
Giovanni
Romagna
14
123
June 
928 
– 
February
 929
Pope Leo VI.jpg
Leo VI

Papa 
LEO 
Sextus
Leo
Rome
<1
124
February
 929 
– 
March 
931
Stephen VII.jpg
Stephen VII 
(Stephen VIII)

Papa 
STEPHANUS
Septimus 
(Octavus)

Stefano
Rome
2
Sometimes called Stephen VIII
125
February/
March 
931
 – December 935
Ioannes XI.jpg
John XI

Papa 
IOANNES 
Undecimus
Giovanni
Rome
4
126
January 936 
– 
13 
July 
939
Leone-VII.jpg
Leo VII

Papa 
LEO 
Septimus
Leo
O.S.B.
3
Member of theOrder of Saint Benedict.
127
14 
July 
939
 – 
October 942
Stephen VIII.png
Stephen VIII
(Stephen IX)

Papa 
STEPHANUS
Octavus 
(Nonus)

Stephan
Rome
3
Some
times called Stephen IX
128
3
October
 942 
– 
May
 946
Marinus II.jpg
Marinus II

Papa
 MARINUS 
Secundus
Marino
Rome
3
129
10 
May 
946 
– December 955

Pope Agapetus II.jpg
Agapetus II

Papa 
AGAPITUS
Secundus
Agapito
Rome
9
130
16 December 955
 – 
14
 May 
964

GiovanniXII.png
John XII

Papa
 IOANNES
Duodecimus
Octavian
Rome
8
Deposed in 963 by Emperor Otto invalidly; end of the "Saeculum obscurum"

131
22 
May 
964 
– 
23 
June 
964
Pope Benedict V.jpg
Benedict V

Papa 
BENEDICTUS
Quintus
Rome
<1
Elected after John XII's death by the 
people of Rome, in opposition to the Antipope 
Leo VIIIwho was appointed by 
Emperor Otto; Benedict accepted 
his deposition in 964 leaving Leo as sole pope.

132
July
 964
 – 
March 
965
Pope Leo VIII.jpg
Leo VIII

Papa 
LEO 
Octavus
Rome
<1
Appointed antipope
 by Emperor Otto in 963 in opposition to John XII and
Benedict V. He became the true Pope after Benedict V was deposed

133
October 965
 – 
6 September 972
Papa Ioannes XIII.jpg
John XIII

Papa
 IOANNES 
Tertius 
Decimus
Rome
6
134
19 
January 973 
– 
June
 974
Pope Benedict VI.jpg
Benedict VI

Papa 
BENEDICTUS
 Sextus
Rome,
Papal States
1
Deposed and murdered
135
October 974
 – 
10 
July 
983
Pope Benedict VII.jpg
Benedict VII

Papa 
BENEDICTUS
Septimus
Rome
8
136
December 983 
– 
20 
August 
984
Pope John XIV.jpg
John XIV

Papa 
IOANNES 
Quartus
 Decimus
Pietro Campanora
Pavia
<1
137
August '985 '
– 
March 
996
Pope John XV.jpg
John XV

Papa 
IOANNES 
Quintus 
Decimus
John
Rome
10
138
3
 May 
996
 – 
18 February 999
Otto III wird von Papst Gregor V. zum Kaiser gesalbt.jpg
Gregory V

Papa 
GREGORIUS 
Quintus
Bruno 
of
Carinthia
Germany,
Holy 
Roman 
Empire
2
First German Pope
139
April 
999
 – 
12
 May 
1003
Silvester II.JPG
Sylvester II

Papa 
SILVESTER
Secundus
Gerbert d'Aurillac
Auvergne
region of France
4
First French Pope


11th century

Numer
ical order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal namePlace 
of
 birth
Notes
140
June 
1003
– 
December 1003

Papa Joao XVII.jpg

John XVII

Papa 
IOANNES 
Septimus 
Decimus

Siccone
Rome, 
Papal States
141
25 December 1003
– 
July 
1009
(5 years+)

Ioannes XVIII.jpg

John XVIII

Papa
 IOANNES
Duodevicesimus
Giovanni Fasano; Phasianus
Rapagnano,
Papal States
142
31 July 1009
– 
12
 May 
1012
(2 years, 286 days)

Sergius IV.jpg

Sergius IV

Papa 
SERGIUS 
Quartus
Pietro Boccapecora
Rome, 
Papal States, 
Holy Roman Empire
143
18 
May 
1012
– 
April 
1024
(11 years, 327 days)

B Benedikt VIII.jpg

Benedict VIII

Papa 
BENEDICTUS 
Octavus
Theophylactus II,
Conti di Tusculum
Rome, 
Papal States, 
Holy Roman Empire
144
April/May 1024
20 
October 1032
(8 years+)

B Johannes XIX.jpg

John XIX


Papa 
IOANNES
Undevicesimus
Romanus, 
Conti di Tusculum
Rome, 
Papal States, 
Holy Roman Empire
145
20 
October 1032
31 December 1044
(12 years, 72 days)
Pope Benedict IX.jpg

Benedict IX


Papa 
BENEDICTUS
 Nonus
Theophylactus III, 
Conti di Tusculum
Rome, 
Papal States, 
Holy Roman Empire
1st Term
146
1 January 1045
-
31 
March 1045
(0 years, 89 days)

Silvestro3.jpg

Sylvester III


Papa 
SILVESTER 
Tertius
John, 
Bishop of
 Sabina
Rome, 
Papal States, 
Holy Roman Empire
Validity 
of election 
questioned; 
considered 
Anti-Pope; 
deposed 
at the
 Council of Sutri.
147
April 1045
10 November 1045
(0 years, 223 days)

Pope Benedict IX.jpg

Benedict IX


Papa 
BENEDICTUS
 Nonus
Theophylactus III, 
Conti di Tusculum
Rome, 
Papal States, 
Holy Roman Empire
2nd Term; 
deposed 
at the
Council 
of Sutri
148
10 November 1045
– 
23 December 1046
(1 year, 43 days)
B Gregor VI.jpg

Gregory VI


Papa 
GREGORIUS 
Sextus,
Johannes Gratianus
Rome, 
Papal States,
 Holy Roman Empire
Deposed 
at the 
Council 
of Sutri
149
24 December 1046
 9 
October 1047
(0 years, 289 days)
ClemensII.jpg

Clement II


Papa 
CLEMENS 
Secundus
Suidger
Hornburg,
Duchy of Saxony, 
Holy Roman Empire
Appointed 
by Henry III
 at the
Council 
of Sutri; 
crowned
 Henry III 
as Holy Roman 
Emperor.
150
November 1047
17
 July 
1048
Pope Benedict IX.jpg

Benedict IX


Papa
 BENEDICTUS
 Nonus
Theophylactus III, 
Conti di Tusculum
Rome, 
Papal States, 
Holy Roman Empire
3rd Term;
 deposed 
and 
excommunicated
151
17 
July 
1048
– 
9
 August 1048
(0 years, 23 days)

B Damasus II1.jpg

Damasus II



Papa 
DAMASUS 
Secundus
Poppo
Pildenau,
Duchy of Bavaria, 
Holy Roman Empire
152
12 February 1049
– 
19 
April 
1054
(5 years, 66 days)
Leon IX.jpg

St Leo IX


Papa 
LEO 
Nonus
Bruno, 
Count of Dagsbourg
Eguisheim,
Swabia, 
Holy Roman Empire
In 1054, mutualex
communications
 of Leo IX 
and Patriarch
 of Constantinople 
Michael I Cerularius 
began the 
East–West 
Schism. The
anathematizations
 were rescinded by Pope Paul VIand Patriarch Athenagoras in 1965.
153
13 
April 
1055
– 
28 
July 
1057
(2 years, 106 days)

Vicii bild.jpg

Victor II


Papa
 VICTOR 
Secundus
Gebhard, 
Count 
of 
Calw, 
Tollenstein, 
and
 Hirschberg
Kingdom of Germany,
Holy Roman Empire
154
August 1057
– 
29
 March 1058
(0 years, 241 days)

B Stephan IX.jpg

Stephen IX
 (Stephen X)


Papa 
STEPHANUS 
Nonus 
(Decimus)
Frédéric de Lorraine, 
O.S.B.
Duchy of Lorraine,
Holy Roman Empire
Sometimes 
called 
Stephen X. Member of the Order 
of 
Saint Benedict.
155
6 December 1058
– 
27 
July 
1061
(2 years+)

Papa Nicolau II.jpg

Nicholas II


Papa 
NICOLAUS 
Secundus
Gérard de Bourgogne
Château 
de Chevron,
Kingdom 
of Arles
In 1059 
the College
 of Cardinals 
was 
designated 
the sole body 
of pope
 electors 
(conlave).

156
30 September 1061
– 
21 
April 
1073
(11 years+)

Papa Alexandre II.jpg

Alexander II

Papa 
ALEXANDER
Secundus
Anselmo 
da 
Baggio
Milan, 
Italy,
Holy 
Roman 
Empire
Authorised 
the
 Norman 
conquest of England
 in 1066
157
22 
April 
1073
– 
25 
May 
1085
(12 years+)
Pope Gregory VII.jpg

St Gregory VII


Papa 
GREGORIUS 
Septimus
Hildebrand
O.S.B.
Sovana, 
Italy,
Holy 
Roman
 Empire
Initiated the 
Gregorian 
Reforms. Restricted
 the use of title "Papa" 
to the 
Bishop of 
Rome. 
Member of the Order 
of 
Saint Benedict. Political 
struggle with German 
Emperor 
Henry IV, 
who had to go to Canossa 
(1077).

158
24
 May 
1086
– 
16 September 1087
(1 year+)

Victor III.jpg

Bl. Victor III


Papa 
VICTOR 
Tertius
Desiderio; Desiderius; Dauferius
O.S.B.
Benevento,
Duchy of Benevento
Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
159
12
 March 1088

– 
29 
July 
1099
(11 years+)

BlUrban II.gif

Bl. Urban II

Papa 
URBANUS 
Secundus
Odo of Lagery,O.S.B.
Lagery,County of Champagne, France
Started 
the First Crusade. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
160
13 
August 1099
– 
21 
January 1118
(18 years+)

B Paschalis II.jpg

Paschal II


Papa 
PASCHALIS 
Secundus
Raniero
O.S.B.
Bleda, 
Papal States, 
Holy Roman Empire
Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.

12th century

Numerical
order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal namePlace
of
 birth
Notes
161
24 
January
 1118
 28
 January
 1119

(1 year, 

4 days)


GelasioII.gif

Gelasius II


Papa 

GELASIUS 

Secundus
Giovanni Coniulo,
O.S.B.
Gaeta,
Principality
 of
Capua
Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
162
February 
1119
– 
13
 December 
1124

(5 years,

315 days)


Callistus II.gif

Callixtus II



Papa 

CALLISTUS

Secundus
Guido,
Comte
de
Bourgogne
Quingey,
County of
 Burgundy,
Holy
Roman
Empire
Opened the
First
Council
of the
 Lateran in 1123
163
15 
Decembe
1124
– 
13 
February
 1130

(5 years, 

60 days)


B Honorius II.jpg

Honorius II



Papa 

HONORIUS 

Secundus
Lamberto Scannabecchi,
Can.Reg.
Fiagnano,
Papal States,
Holy
 Roman
 Empire
Canon
Regular
of S. Maria di San Reno
164
14 
February 
1130
– 
24 
September 
1143

(13 years,

222 days)


B Innozenz II.jpg

Innocent II



Papa

 INNOCENTIUS

Secundus
Gregorio
 Papareschi,
Can.Reg.
Rome,
 Papal States,
Holy
Roman
 Empire
Canon
Regular of Lateran; Convened the Second Council
of the Lateran, 1139
165
26 
September 
1143
– 
8 March 
1144

(0 years,

164 days)


Caelestinus II.jpg

Celestine II



Papa 

COELESTINUS

Secundus
GuidoCittà di
Castello,
Papal
States,
 Holy
Roman Empire
166
12 
March 
1144
– 
15 February 
1145

(0 years,

340 days)


B Lucius II.jpg

Lucius II



Papa 

LUCIUS 

Secundus
Gerardo Caccianemici
dal Orso,
 Can.Reg.
Bologna,
Papal
States,
Holy
Roman
Empire
Canon
Regular
of
S. Frediano
di Lucca
167
15 
February 
1145
– 
July 
1153

(8 years,

143 days)


B Eugen III.jpg

Bl. Eugene III



Papa 

EUGENIUS 

Tertius
Bernardo
da Pisa,
 O.Cist.
Pisa,
Republic
 of Pisa,
Holy
Roman Empire
Member of the Order
 of
Cistercians. Announced the
Second Crusade.
168
July 
1153
– 
December 
1154

(1 year, 

148 days)


B Anastasius IV.jpg

Anastasius IV



Papa 

ANASTASIUS

Quartus
Corrado
Demetri
della
Suburra
Rome,
Papal
States,
Holy
Roman
Empire
169
December
 1154
– 
September 
1159

(4 years,

271 days)
Pope Adrian IV.jpg

Adrian IV



Papa

 HADRIANUS 

Quartus
Nicholas Breakspear,
Can.Reg.
Abbots
 Langley,
Hertfordshire, Kingdom
of England
First and
 only English
pope; purportedly granted
 Ireland to Henry II, King of England. Canon Regular of St. Rufus Monastery .
170
September 
1159
– 
30 
August 
1181

(21 years,

357 days)


B-Alexander III1.jpg

Alexander III



Papa

 ALEXANDER 

Tertius
RolandoSiena,
 Italy,
Holy
 Roman
 Empire
Convened the Third Council of the Lateran,
 1179
171
September 
1181
– 
25
 November 
1185

(4 years,

 85 days)


Pope Lucius III.png

Lucius III



Papa

 LUCIUS

 Tertius
UbaldoLucca,
Italy,
Holy Roman
Empire
172
25 
November 
1185
– 
19 
October 
1187

(1 year, 

328 days)


B Urban III.jpg

Urban III



Papa 

URBANUS

 Tertius
Uberto
Crivelli
Cuggiono,
Italy,
Holy Roman Empire
173
21 
October 
1187
– 
17 
December 
1187

(0 years, 

57 days)


B Gregor VIII.jpg

Gregory VIII



Papa 

GREGORIUS 

Octavus
Alberto di Morra,
Can.Reg.
Benevento,
Papal
 States,
Holy
 Roman Empire
Canon
 Regular Premo
stratense. Proposed the Third Crusade
174
19 December
 1187
– 
20 
March
 1191

(3 years, 

91 days)


B Clemens III.jpg

Clement III



Papa

 CLEMENS 

Tertius
Paolo ScolariRome,
Papal
 States,
Holy
Roman Empire
175
21 
March 
1191
– 
January
 1198

(6 years,

293 days)


Celestin III.jpg

Celestine III



Papa 

COELESTINUS

Tertius
Giacinto
 Bobone
Rome,
Papal States,
Holy
Roman Empire
176

 C o a Innocenzo III.svg
January 
1198
– 
16 July 
1216

(18 years,

190 days)


Innozenz3.jpg

Innocent III



Papa 

INNOCENTIUS 

Tertius
Lothario
dei Conti di Segni
Gavignano,
Papal
States,
Holy
Roman Empire
Convened the
 Fourth Council
 of the Lateran, 1215. Initiated the Fourth Crusade.


13th century

Numerical
order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal namePlace of birthNotes
177

C o a Onorio IV.svg
18
July
1216

18
March
1227
(10 years,
243 days)
B Honorius III3.jpg
Honorius III


Papa
HONORIUS 

Tertius
Cencio
Savelli
Rome,
 Papal
States,
 Holy
Roman
 Empire
Initiated
the
Fifth
 Crusade.
178

C o a Innocenzo III.svg
19
March
1227

22
August
1241
(14 years,
156 days)
PopeGregoryIX.jpg
Gregory IX


Papa
GREGORIUS
Nonus
Ugolino
dei
Conti di
Segni,
O.F.S
Anagni,
Papal States,
 Holy
Roman
Empire
Canonized 
Elisabeth of Hungary, 1235. Initiated the Inquisition in France.
179

C o a Celestino IV.svg
25
 October
 1241

10
November
 1241
(0 years,
16 days)
B Colestin IV.jpg
Celestine IV


Papa
COELESTINUS

Quartus
Goffredo
 Castiglioni
Milan,
Italy,
Holy
Roman
Empire
Died
before
 coronation.
180

C o a Adriano V.svg
25
June
 1243

7
December
1254
(11 years,
165 days)
Inocenc IV.jpg
Innocent IV


Papa
 INNOCENTIUS

Quartus
Sinibaldo
Fieschi
Genoa,
Republic of
Genoa,
Holy Roman
 Empire
Convened
 the
First
 Council
of Lyons,
1245
181

C o a Innocenzo III.svg
12
December 1254

25
 May
1261
(6 years,
164 days)
B Alexander IV.jpg
Alexander IV


Papa
ALEXANDER
Quartus
Rinaldo
dei
Conti
 di
Jenne
Jenne,
Papal States
182

C o a Urbano IV.svg
29
August
1261

2
 October
1264
(3 years,
 34 days)
Pope Urban IV.jpg
Urban IV


Papa
URBANUS
Quartus
Jacques
Pantaléon
Troyes,
County of Champagne,
France
183

C o a Clemente IV.svg
5
 February
1265

29
 November 1268
(3 years,
298 days)
Papst Clemens IV.jpg
Clement IV


Papa
CLEMENS
Quartus
Gui FaucoiSaint-Gilles,
Languedoc,
France
N/A29
 November 1268

1
September 1271
Sede vacante.svgInterregnumAlmost 3 year period
without a
valid pope
elected.
This was due
 to a 

deadlock
among c
ardinals 

voting
for the pope.


184

C o a Gregorio X.svg
1
September 1271

10
January
1276
(4 years,
131 days)
B Gregor X.jpg
Bl. Gregory X



Papa
GREGORIUS
Decimus
Tebaldo
Visconti,
O.F.S
Piacenza,
Italy, Holy
Roman
 Empire
Convened the
Second
Council of
 Lyons, 1274.
185

C o a Innocenzo V.svg
21
 January
1276

22
June
1276
(0 years,
153 days)
InnocenzoV.jpg
Bl. Innocent V

Papa
 I
NNOCENTIUS

Quintus
Pierre
de Tarentaise,
O.P.
County
of Savoy,
Holy
Roman Empire
Member of the Dominican Order.
186

C o a Adriano V.svg
11
 July
1276

18
August
1276
(0 years,
38 days)
Papa Adriano V.jpg
Adrian V


Papa
HADRIANUS
Quintus
Ottobuono
Fieschi
Genoa,
Republic
of Genoa,
 Holy Roman
Empire
187

C o a Giovanni XXI.svg
8
September 1276

20
 May
 1277
(0 years,
254 days)
B Johannes XXI.jpg
John XXI


Papa
IOANNES
Vicesimus
 Primus
Pedro
Julião (a.k.a. Petrus
Hispanus
 and Pedro Hispano)
Lisbon,
Portugal
Due to
a confusion
 over the
numbering
of popes
named John
in the
13th century,
there was no
John XX.
There has never been a
Pope John XX, because the
20th pope
of this name, formerly Petrus Hispanus, when elected Pope in 1276, decided
to skip the
 number XX
 and to be
counted as
 John XXI
 instead. He
wanted to
correct what
 in his time was believed to
be an error
 in the counting
 of his
predecessors
John XV
 to XIX
188

C o a Niccolo III.svg
25
November 1277

22
August
1280
(2 years,
271 days)
NicholasIII.jpg
Nicholas III


Papa
NICOLAUS
Tertius
Giovanni Gaetano
 Orsini
Rome,
 Papal States,
Holy
Roman
 Empire
189

C o a Martino IV.svg
22
 February
 1281

28
 March
 1285
(4 years,
 34 days)
B Martin IV.jpg
Martin IV


Papa
MARTINUS
Quartus
Simon
de
Brion
Meinpicien,
Touraine,
France
190

C o a Onorio IV.svg
2
April
1285

3
April
1287
(2 years,
1 day)
PopeOnorioIV.jpg
Honorius IV


Papa
HONORIUS
Quartus
Giacomo
Savelli
Rome,
 Papal States,
Holy Roman Empire
191

C o a Niccolo IV.svg
22
 February
1288

4
April
1292
(4 years,
42 days)
NicholasIV.jpg
Nicholas IV


Papa
NICOLAUS

 Quartus
Girolamo
Masci,
 O.F.M.
Lisciano,
Papal States,
Holy
Roman Empire
Member of the Franciscan Order.
N/A4
April
1292

5
July
 1294
Sede vacante.svgInterregnum2 year
period without
a valid pope elected.
This was
due to a
deadlock
among
 cardinals
voting for
 the pope.


192

C o a Celestino V.svg
5
 July
1294

13
December 1294
(0 years,
161 days)
Celestinus quintus.jpg
St Celestine V


Papa
COELESTINUS

Quintus
Pietro
da Morrone,
O.S.B.
Sant'Angelo Limosano,
Kingdom
of Sicily
One of
the
 few popes
 who resigned. Member
 of the
Order
 of
Saint Benedict.


193

C o a Bonifacio VIII.svg
24
 December 1294

11
October
1303
(8 years,
291 days)
Bonifatius viii papst.jpg
Boniface VIII


Papa
BONIFATIUS
Octavus
Benedetto CaetaniAnagni,
Papal States,
Holy
Roman Empire


14th century

Numerical
order
PontificatePortraitName
English · 

Regnal
Personal
name
Place
of
birth
Notes
194

C o a Benedetto XI.svg
22
October
 1303

7
July
1304
(0 years,
259 days)
B Benedikt XI.jpg
Bl.Benedict XI


Papa
BENEDICTUS

Undecimus
Niccolò Boccasini,
O.P.
TrevisoMember
of the
Dominican
Order.
195

C o a Clemente V.svg
5
June
1305

20
April
1314
(8 years,
319 days)
Papa Clemens Quintus.jpg
Clement V


Papa
CLEMENS
Quintus
Bertrand
de
Got
Villandraut, Gascony, FrancePope at
Avignon. Convened the Council
 of Vienne,
1311–1312.
Initiated the persecution
of the Knights
Templar with the
 Pastoralis Praeeminentiae 
under
pressure from
King
 Philip IV of France.


N/A20
April
1314

7
August
1316
Sede vacante.svgInterregnum2 year
 period
without
a valid
 pope
 elected.
This was due to a
deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.


196

C o a Giovanni XXII.svg
7
August
1316

4
December
 1334
(18 years,
119 days)
John22.jpg
John XXII


Papa
 IOANNES
Vicesimus
Secundus
Jacques
d'Euse;
 Jacques
 Duèse
Cahors, Quercy, FrancePope at Avignon
197

C o a Benedetto XII.svg
20
December
1334

25
April 1
342
(7 years,
126 days)
Benedikt XII1.gif
Benedict XII


Papa
BENEDICTUS

Duodecimus
Jacques Fournier,
O.Cist.
Saverdun, County of Foix, FrancePope at Avignon. Member
 of the
Order of Cistercians.
198

C o a Gregorio XI.svg
7
May
1342

 6
December
1352
(10 years,
213 days)
Clemens VI.gif
Clement VI


Papa
CLEMENS
Sextus
Pierre Roger,
O.S.B.
Maumont, Limousin, FrancePope at Avignon
199

C o a Innocenzo VI.svg
18
 December
 1352

12
September
1362
(9 years,
268 days)
Innozenz VI.gif
Innocent VI

Papa
INNOCENTIUS

Sextus
Étienne
 Aubert
Les Monts, Limousin, FrancePope at Avignon
200

C o a Urbano V.svg
28
September
1362

19
 December
 1370
(8 years,
82 days)
Urban V.gif
Bl. Urban V

Papa
 URBANUS
Quintus
Guillaume (de) Grimoard,
O.S.B.
Grizac, Languedoc, FrancePope at Avignon. Member
of the
Order of
Saint Benedict.
201

C o a Gregorio XI.svg
30
December
1370

27
March
1378
(7 years,
87 days)
Papa Gregorius Undecimus.jpg
Gregory XI


Papa
GREGORIUS

Undecimus
Pierre Roger de BeaufortMaumont, Limousin, FrancePope at Avignon; returns to Rome; last French Pope
202

C o a Urbano VI.svg
8
April
 1378

 15
October
 1389
(11 years,
190 days)
Urbanus VI.jpg
Urban VI


Papa
 URBANUS
Sextus
Bartolomeo PrignanoNaples, Kingdom
 of Naples
Western Schism
203

C o a Bonifacio IX.svg
2
 November 1389

1
October
1404
(14 years,
334 days)
IX.Bonifac.jpg
Boniface IX


Papa
BONIFATIUS
Nonus
Pietro TomacelliNaples, Kingdom 
of Naples
Western Schism


15th century

  • R This pope resigned his office.
  • B The exact birth date of Innocent VIII and almost all popes prior to Eugene IV is unknown, therefore the lowest probable age has been assumed for this table.
Numerical
 order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal namePlace
of
 birth
Age at start/end of papacyNotes
204

C o a Innocenzo VII.svg
17 
October 
1404
– 
November 
1406

(2 years,

20 days)


Innocent VII.jpg

Innocent VII



Papa

INNOCENTIUS

Septimus
Cosimo
 Gentile
Migliorati
Sulmona,
Kingdom
of Naples
65 / 67 [B]Western
 Schism
205

C o a Gregorio XII.svg
30 
November 
1406
– 
July 
1415

(8 years,

216 days)


Gregory XII cropped.png

Gregory XII



Papa

 GREGORIUS

Duodecimus
Angelo CorrerVenice,
Republic
of
Venice
[R]Western
Schism; abdicated
during
 the
Council of
Constance,
which had been
called by his
opponent
John
XXIII.
N/A
July 
1415
– 
11 November 
1417

Sede vacante.svgInterregnumTwo-year
 period
without
 a valid
pope
elected.
206

C o a Martino V.svg
11 
November
 1417
– 
20 February
 1431

(13 years,

101 days)


Pisanello, copia da Ritratto di Martino V (Galleria Colonna).jpg

Martin V



Papa 

MARTINUS

Quintus
Oddone
Colonna,
O.F.S
Genazzano,
Papal
 States
48 / 62Convened the
Council of
Basel,
1431
207

C o a Eugenio IV.svg
3
 March
 1431
– 
2
February 
1447

(15 years,

357 days)


PapstEugen.jpg

Eugene IV



Papa 

EUGENIUS

Quartus
Gabriele Condulmer,
O.S.A.
Venice,
Republic
of Venice
47 / 63 [B]Member
of the
Augustinian
 Order.
Crowned
Sigismund
emperor at
Rome in
1433.
Transferred
the Council
 of Basel
to Ferrara.
It was later transferred
 again, to
Florence,
because
 of the
Bubonic plague.
208

Escudo del papa Nicolás V.svg
6
 March
 1447
– 
24 
March 
1455

(8 years,

18 days)
Paus Nicolaas V door Peter Paul Rubens.jpg

Nicholas V



Papa 

NICOLAUS

Quintus
Tommaso ParentucelliSarzana,
Republic
of
 Genoa
49 / 57Held
 Jubilee
 of 1450. Crowned
Frederick
 III
 emperor
 at Rome
 in 1452.
Created a
library in
 the
 Vatican which
would
eventually
 become the
Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana.
209

Coat of Arms of Pope Callixtus III.svg
April 
1455
– 
August
 1458

(3 years,

120 days)
Calixtus III.jpg

Callixtus III



Papa 

CALLISTUS

Tertius
Alfonso
de
Borgia
Xàtiva,
Kingdom
 of Valencia,
Crown of
 Aragon
76 / 79First
Spanish
pope
210

C o a Pio II.svg
19 
August 
1458
– 
15 
August 
1464

(5 years,

362 days)


Pintoricchio 012.jpg

Pius II



Papa

 PIUS 

Secundus
Enea Silvio
Piccolomini
Corsign
-ano,
Republic
 of Siena
52 / 58Interest in
urban planning. Founded
Pienza
(near
Siena)
 as the
ideal city (1462).
211

Coat of arms of Pope Paul II.png
30 
August
 1464
– 
26 
July 
1471

(6 years,

330 days)
Pietrobarbo.jpg

Paul II



Papa 

PAULUS

Secundus
Pietro BarboVenice, Republic
 of Venice
47 / 54Nephew
of
Eugene IV
212

CoA della Rovere popes.svg
9
 August 
1471
– 
12 
August 
1484

(13 years,

3 days)


Pope Sixtus IV (head).jpg

Sixtus IV



Papa 

XYSTUS 

Quartus
Francesco
della Rovere,
O.F.M.
Celle Ligure, Republic
of Genoa
57 / 70Member of the
Franciscan
Order. Commis
-sioned
 the
Sistine Chapel. Authorized an Inquisition
 targeting
converted
 (Jewish)
Christians
in Spain,
at the
request of
Queen
 Isabella
 and King Ferdinand.
213

C o a Innocenzo VIII.svg
29
 August
 1484
– 
25 July
 1492

(7 years,

331 days)


Innocent VIII 1492.JPG

Innocent VIII



Papa 

INNOCENTIUS

Octavus
Giovanni Battista
Cybo
Genoa, Republic
of Genoa
51 / 59 [B]Appointed
Tomás
de
Torque
-mada
214

C o a Alessandro VI.svg
11
 August 
1492
– 
18 
August 
1503

(11 years,

7 days)


Pope Alexander Vi.jpg

Alexander VI



Papa 

ALEXANDER

Sextus
Rodrigo de Lanzol-
Borgia
Xàtiva, Kingdom
of
 Valencia, Crown of Aragon
61 / 72Nephew of Callixtus III.
Father to
Cesare Borgia and
Lucrezia Borgia. Divided the extra-European world
 between Spain and Portugal in 1493 by the Bull
Inter caetera.


16th–20th centuries

16th century

Numerical
order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal namePlace
of
 birth
Age at start/end of papacyNotes
215

C o a Pio II.svg
22
 September 1503

18
October
 1503
(0 years,
26 days)
PiusIII.jpg
Pius III


Papa
 PIUS
Tertius
Francesco Todeschini
Piccolomini
Siena,
Republic
of Siena
64 / 64Nephew
of
 Pius II
216

CoA della Rovere popes.svg
31
 October
1503

21
 February
 1513
(9 years,
113 days)
Raffaello - Papa Giulio II - Uffizi.jpg
Julius II


Papa
IULIUS

Secundus
Giuliano
della
Rovere
Albisola,
Republic
of
Genoa
59 / 69Nephew
 of
Sixtus IV;
Convened
the
Fifth
Council
of the
Lateran,
1512.
Took
effective
 control of
 the
whole
territory
 of the
Papal States
for the
first time.
Commis
-sioned
Michel
angelo
to paint the
Sistine Chapel
ceiling.
Proposed
plans
for rebuilding
of St Peter's
Basilica


217C o a Papas Medicis.svg9
March
1513

1
December
1521
(8 years,
267 days)
Pope-leo10.jpg
Leo X


Papa
LEO
Decimus
Giovanni
di
Lorenzo de'
Medici
Florence,
Republic
 of Florence
37 / 45Son of
Lorenzo
 the
Magnificent.
Excommu
-nicated
Martin Luther.
Extended
the
Spanish
Inquisition
 into
Portugal.


218

C o a Adriano VI.svg
9
January
 1522

 14
 September 1523
(1 year,
248 days)
Hadrian VI.jpg
Adrian VI


Papa
HADRIANUS
Sextus
Adriaan
Floriszoon
 Boeyens
Utrecht, Bishopric
of Utrecht,
 Holy Roman Empire
(presently The
Nether
-lands)
62 / 64The only
Dutch
pope.
Due to the
Nether
-lands
being a
part
 of the
Holy
Roman
Empire at
the time,
 he is occasionally
referred
to as
 a "German"
pope,
though
not in an
ethnic sense.
 Last non-Italian
to be
 elected
pope until
John
Paul II
 in 1978.
The tutor
of
 Emperor
Charles V


219

C o a Papas Medicis.svg
26
November
1523

25
 September 1534
(10 years,
303 days)
Angelo Bronzino - Portrait of Pope Clement VII - WGA3272.jpg
Clement VII


Papa
CLEMENS

Septimus
Giulio di Giuliano de'
Medici
Florence, Republic
of
Florence
45 / 56Cousin of
Leo X.
Rome
plundered
by imperial
 troops
("Sacco
di Roma"),
1527. He
forbade
 the
 divorce
of
 Henry VIII
and
crowned
 Charles V Emperor
 at
Bolognain 1530.
His niece
Catherine
 de' Medici
was
married
to the
future
 Henry II of France.


220

C o a Paulo III.svg
13
October
1534

10
November
1549
(15 years,
28 days)
Portrait du pape Paul III.jpg
Paul III


Papa
 PAULUS
Tertius
Alessandro
Farnese
Canino, Lazio,
Papal
States
66 / 81Opened
the
 Council

 of
Trent in 1545.
His illegitimate
son 

became
the first
Duke
of Parma.


221

C o a Giulio III.svg
7
February
1550

29 March
 1555
(5 years,
50 days)
Julius III.jpg
Julius III


Papa
IULIUS
Tertius
Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del
Monte
Rome,
Papal
States
62 / 67Established
 the
Collegium
Germanicum
.
222

C o a Marcello II.svg
9
April
1555

30
Apri
l or
1 May
1555
(0 years,
21/22 days)
Pope Marcellus II.jpg
Marcellus II


Papa
MARCELLUS
Secundus
Marcello
Cervini
Montefano, Marche, Papal
States
53 / 53Last to
 use birth
name as
regnal 

name
223

C o a Paulo IV.svg
23
May
1555

18
 August
1559
(4 years,
87 days)
Pope Paul IV.PNG
Paul IV


Papa
PAULUS

Quartus
Giovanni
Pietro
 Carafa,
C.R.
Capriglia Irpina, Campania, Kingdom of Naples78 / 83Member
 of
 the
Theatines.
Established
 the
 Roman
Ghetto
in 1555
in Cum
Nimis
 Absurdum
.
224

C o a Papas Medicis.svg
26
December
1559

9
December
 1565
(5 years,
348 days)
Pius IV 2.jpg
Pius IV


Papa
PIUS
Quartus
Giovanni
 Angelo
 Medici
Milan,
Duchy
 of Milan
60 / 66Reopened
 the
Council of
Trent, 1562,
 it
concluded
its
proceedings
 in 1563
225

C o a Pio V.svg
7
January
1566

1
May
1572
(6 years,
115 days)
El Greco 050.jpg
St Pius V


Papa
PIUS
Quintus
Michele
 Ghislieri,
O.P.
Bosco, Duchy of Milan61 / 68Member of
 the
 Dominican
Order.
 Excommu
-nicated
Elizabeth I
of England,
1570. Victory
 of Lepanto
1571.
 Instituted the
feast of
 Our Lady
 of Victory.
 Pro-
mulgated
the 1570
 edition of
 the Roman
Missal.


226

C o a Gregorio XIII.svg
13
 May
1572

 10
April
1585
(12 years,
332 days)
Gregory XIII.jpg
Gregory XIII

Papa
 
GREGORIUS
Tertius
Decimus
Ugo
Bon
-compagni
Bologna, Papal States70 / 83Reform
of
the
calendar
 in 1582.
227

C o a Sisto V.svg
24
April
1585

27
August
 1590
(5 years,
125 days)
Sixtus5.jpg
Sixtus V


Papa
XYSTUS
Quintus
Felice
 Peretti,
O.F.M.
 Conv.
Grott
-ammare, Marche, Papal
States
63 / 68Member
of the
Conventual
Franciscan
Order.
Known for
fixing and
completing
building
works
to major
basilicas
 in Rome.
228

C o a Urbano VII.svg
15
September 1590

27
 September 1590
(0 years,
12 days)
Urban VII.jpg
Urban VII


Papa
URBANUS

Septimus
Giovanni
Battista
Castagna
Rome,
 Papal
States
69 / 69Shortest
-reigning
 pope;
died before
 coronation.
Set the
worldwide
smoking ban.


229

C o a Gregorio XIV.svg
5
December 1590

15/16
 October
1591
(0 years,
314/315 days)
GregorioPPXVI.jpg
Gregory XIV


Papa
GREGORIUS
Quartus

 Decimus
Niccolò
Sfondrati
Somma Lombardo, Duchy of Milan55 / 56Modified
 the 
Apostolic
Constitution
 Effraenatam
 
of 
Pope
Sixtus V
 (1588) so
 that the
 penalty for
 abortion did
 not apply
until the
 foetus became
 animated, 1591.
230

C o a Innocenzo IX.svg
29
October
1591

30
December 1591
(0 years,
62 days)
Innocent IX 2.jpg
Innocent IX


Papa
 INNO
-CENTIUS
Nonus
Giovanni
Antonio
 Facc
-hinetti
Bologna, Papal
States
72 / 72
231

C o a Clemente VIII.svg
30
 January
1592

3
 March
1605
(13 years,
32 days)
Papst Clemens VIII Italian 17th century.jpg
Clement VIII


Papa
 CLEMENS

Octavus
Ippolito
Aldo
-brandini
Fano,
Marche,
Papal
States
55 / 69Convened
 the
Con-
gregatio

de Auxiliis
 which
addressed
doctrinal
disputes
 between the
Dominicans  and Jesuits

 regarding
 free will and divine grace.



17th century

Numerical
order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal
name
Place
of
birth
Age at start/end of papacyNotes
232

C o a Papas Medicis.svg
1
 April
 1605

27
 April
1605
(0 years,
26 days)
Leo XI 2.jpg
Leo XI


Papa
 LEO
Undecimus
Alessandro Ottaviano de'MediciFlorence,
Duchy of Florence
69 / 69Nephew
of
Leo X.
233

C o a Paulo V.svg
16
 May
 1605

28
January
1621
(15 years,
257 days)
Paul V Caravaggio.jpg
Paul V


Papa
PAULUS
Quintus
Camillo
Borghese
Rome,
Papal
States
52 / 68Known for
building
 projects,
 including
the facade
of St Peter's Basilica.
234

C o a Gregorio XV.svg
9
 February
1621

8
July
 1623
(2 years,
149 days)
Pope Gregory XV.jpg
Gregory XV


Papa
GREGORIUS

Quintus
Decimus
Alessandro LudovisiBologna,
Papal
States
67 / 69Established
the
Congre
-gation
for the
Propagation
of the Faith,
1622.
235

C o a Urbano VIII.svg
6
August
1623

29
July
1644
(20 years,
358 days)
Gian Lorenzo Bernini - Portrait d'Urbain VIII.jpg
Urban VIII


Papa
URBANUS

Octavus
Maffeo
Barberini
Florence,
Grand Duchy
of Tuscany
55 / 76Trial against
Galileo
Galilei.
The last
 pontiff to
expand
 papal
territory
 by force
 of arms.
236

C o a Innocenzo X.svg
15
September
1644

7
January
1655
(10 years,
114 days)
Diego Velázquez - Portrait of Innocent X - WGA24443.jpg
Innocent X



Papa
 INNOCENTIUS

Decimus
Giovanni Battista
Pamphilj
Rome, Papal States70 / 80The
great-
great-
great-
grandson
of
Alexander VI.
237

C o a Alessandro VII.svg
7
April
 1655

22
May
 1667
(12 years,
45 days)
Alexander VII.jpg
Alexander VII


Papa
ALEXANDER
Septimus
Fabio
Chigi
Siena,
Grand Duchy of Tuscany
56 / 68Great
-nephew
of Paul V. Commis
-sioned
 St. Peter's
Square.
238

C o a Clemente IX.svg
20
June
1667

9
December 1669
(2 years,
172 days)
Clemens IX.jpg
Clement IX


Papa
CLEMENS 

Nonus
Giulio RospigliosiPistoia, Grand Duchy of Tuscany67 / 69Commis
-sioned
 the
colonnade
of St. Peter's Square.
 Mediated in
 the 1668
peace of
Aachen.
239

C o a Clemente X.svg
29
April
1670

22 July
 1676
(6 years,
84 days)
Clement X.jpg
Clement X


Papa
CLEMENS

Decimus
Emilio
Altieri
Rome, Papal States79 / 86Canonized
the first
saint from
 the
Americas,
Saint Rose
 of Lima,
in 1671.
240

C o a Innocenzo XI.svg
21
September 1676

12 August 1689
(12 years,
 325 days)
Inocencius XI.jpg
Bl. Innocent XI

Papa
 INNOCENTIUS

Undecimus
Benedetto OdescalchiComo, Duchy of Milan65 / 78Suspected
to have secretly funded
William III
of
Orange's
Glorious Revolution
to over
throw
 the Catholic
 James II
 of England. He is
known as
the
"Saviour
of Hungary".
241

C o a Alessandro VIII.svg
6
 October 1689
– 1
 February 1691
(1 year,
118 days)
Alexander VIII 1.jpg
Alexander VIII


Papa
ALEXANDER

Octavus
Pietro
Vito
Ottoboni
Venice, Republic
 of Venice
79 / 80Conde
-mned
 the
so-called
philo
-sophical
 sin.
242

C o a Innocenzo XII.svg
12
July
1691

27
 September 1700
(9 years,
77 days)
Pope Innocent XII.PNG
Innocent XII


Papa
INNOCENTIUS

Duodecimus
Antonio Pignatelli,
O.F.S
Spinazzola, Kingdom
of Naples
76 / 85Issued
 Romanum decet Pontificem, 1692.

18th century

Numerical
order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal namePlace
of
 birth
Age at start/end of papacyNotes
243

C o a Clemente XI.svg
23
November
 1700

19
 March
1721
(20 years,
116 days)
Clement XI.jpg
Clement XI



Papa
CLEMENS

Undecimus
Giovanni
Francesco
Albani
Urbino, Marche,
Papal
 States
51 / 71The
Chinese
Rites
 controversy. Patronaged
 the first arch
-aeological excavations
 in the
 Roman
catacombs.
244

C o a Innocenzo XIII.svg
8
May
1721

7
March
1724
(2 years,
304 days)
InnocientXIII.jpg
Innocent XIII



Papa
 
INNO
- CENTIUS

Tertius
Decimus
Michelangelo
de’
Conti
Poli,
Lazio,
Papal
States
65 / 68Prohibited
 the
Jesuits
from
 prosecuting
their
mission in
China
and
ordered
that
 no new
members
should be
 received
into the
order.
245

C o a Benedetto XIII.svg
29
 May
1724

21
 February
1730
(5 years,
268 days)
Benedict XIII.jpg
Servant of God
Benedict XIII


Papa
BENEDICTUS
Tertius
 Decimus
Pietro Francesco
Orsini,
O.P.
Gravina in Puglia, Kingdom
of
Naples
75 / 81Member
of the
Dominican
Order.
Third and
last member
of the
Orsini family
 to be pope. Originally
 called
himself
Benedict XIV
due to
Antipope
Benedict XIII
but reverted
back to XIII. Repealed the worldwide
 smoking ban imposed
by Pope
 Urban VIII
in 1590.
246

C o a Clemente XII.svg
12
July
1730

6
February
1740
(9 years,
209 days)
Pope Clement XII, portrait.jpg
Clement XII


Papa
CLEMENS

Duodecimus
Lorenzo
Corsini,
O.F.S
Florence, Grand
Duchy
of
Tuscany
78 / 87Completed
 the new
 façade of the
Arch basilica
of St. John
Lateran,
1735. Commis
-sioned
 the
Trevi
 Fountain,
1732.
247

C o a Benedetto XIV.svg
17
August
1740

3
May
1758
(17 years,
259 days)
Pierre Subleyras Portrait of Benedict XIV 1746. Metropolitan Museum of Art.jpg
Benedict XIV


Papa
BENEDICTUS
Quartus
Decimus
Prospero
Lorenzo Lambertini
Bologna,
Papal
States
65 / 83Reformed
 the education
of priests
and the
calendar
of
feasts.
248

C o a Clemente XIII.svg
6
July
1758

 2
February
 1769
(10 years,
211 days)
ClementXIII.jpeg
Clement XIII


Papa
CLEMENS

Tertius
 Decimus
Carlo
della
Torre
Rezzonico
Venice, Republic
 of
Venice
65 / 75Provided
the famous
 fig leaves
on male
statues in
 the Vatican. Defended
 the Society
of Jesus in
Apostolicum pascendi,

1765.
249

C o a Clemente XIV.svg
19
May
1769

22
September
1774
(5 years,
126 days)
Portrait du pape Clément XIV Ganganelli.jpg
Clement XIV



Papa
CLEMENS

Quartus
 Decimus
Giovanni
Vincenzo
Antonio Ganganelli,
O.F.M. Conv.
Sant'
Arc
angelo di
Romagna, Papal
States
63 / 68Member
 of the
 Conventual Franciscan
Order.
Suppressed the
Jesuit
Order.
250

C o a Pio VI.svg
15
February
1775

29
August
 1799
(24 years,
195 days)
Pompeo Batoni - Ritratto di Papa Pio VI (National Gallery of Ireland).jpg
Pius VI



Papa
PIUS 

Sextus
Count Giovanni Angelo BraschiCesena,
Papal
States
57 / 81Condemned the French Revolution
 and was
 expelled
from the
 Papal
States
 by French
 troops from
1798 until
 his death.
N/A29
 August 1799

14
 March 1800
Sede vacante.svgInterregnumSix-month
period
without a
valid pope elected.
This was
due
 to unique logistical problems
(the old
pope died
a prisoner
and the Conclave
was in
Venice)
and a deadlock among cardinals voting.


19th century

Numerical
Order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Personal namePlace
 of
 birth
Age at start/end of papacyNotes
251

C o a Pio VII.svg
14
 March
 1800

20
August
1823
(23 years,
159 days)
Jacques-Louis David 018.jpgServant of
God
Pius VII


Papa
PIUS
Septimus
Count
Barnaba
Niccolò
 Maria
Luigi Chiaramonti,
O.S.B.
Cesena, Papal States57 / 81Member
of the
Order
of Saint
Benedict.
Present at Napoleon's
coronation
as the
Emperor
of the
French. Temporarily expelled
 from the
Papal States
by the
French
between
1809
and 1814.
252

C o a Leone XII.svg
28
September
 1823

10
 February
1829
(5 years,
135 days)
Pope Leo XII.PNG
Leo XII



Papa
LEO
Duodecimus
Count
Annibale Francesco Clemente Melchiore Girolamo
Nicola
Sermattei
della
Genga
Genga or Spoleto, Papal States63 / 68Placed the Catholic educational
 system
under the
control
of the
Jesuits
 through
Quod
divina
 sapientia
,
1824.
Condemned
the bible
societies.
253

C o a Pio VIII.svg
31
March
1829

30
November
1830
(1 year,
244 days)
Pope Pius VIII.PNG
Pius VIII


Papa
 PIUS
Octavus
Francesco Saverio CastiglioniCingoli, Marche, Papal States67 / 69Accepted
Louis Philippe I as King
of the French. Condemned
 the masonic secret
societies
and
modernist
biblical
translations
in the brief
Litteris
altero
, 1830.
254

C o a Gregorio XVI.svg
2
February
1831

1
June
1846
(15 years,
119 days)
GregorioXVI.jpg
Gregory XVI


Papa
GREGORIUS

Sextus
Decimus
Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari,
O.S.B.
Cam.
Belluno, Republic of Venice65 / 80Member of the
Camaldolese Order.
The last non-bishop
to be elected
 to the
papacy.
Opposed democratic
and
modernising reforms
 in the
Papal
States.
255

Pio Nono.svg
16
June
1846

7
February
1878
(31 years,
236 days)
Popepiusix.jpg
Bl. Pius IX


Papa
PIUS
Nonus
Count
Giovanni
Maria
Mastai-Ferretti,
O.F.S.
Senigallia, Marche, Papal States54 / 85Opened the
 First
Vatican
Council;
lost the
Papal States
 to Italy.
Defined the
dogma of the
Immaculate Conception
 and defined
papal
infallibility.
Longest
serving
pontiff in
history (see the note on St Peter.)
256

C o a Leone XIII.svg
20
February
 1878

20
July
1903
(25 years,
150 days)
Leo-xiii-sm.jpg
Leo XIII



Papa
LEO Tertius Decimus
Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele
Luigi Pecci,
O.F.S.
Carpineto Romano, Lazio, Papal States.67 / 93Issued the encyclical
on social
teaching,
Rerum
Novarum

 (On Capital
and Labor)
and
supported
Christian democracy 

as against communism; was the
 fourth
-longest reigning
pope after Pius IX, St Peter and
John Paul II. Promoted both the rosary
 and the scapular
 and
approved
two new Marian scapulars.
The first pontiff to
 fully
embrace
 the
concept
 of Mary as mediatrix. Earned the nicknames,

 the
 "Rosary Pope"
 and the "Working Man's
Pope".


20th century

Numerical
 order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Motto
Latin (English)
Personal namePlace
of
 birth
Age at start/end of papacyNotes
257

Pius X COA.svg
4
August
1903

20
August
1914
(11 years,
16 days)
Pius10.jpg
St Pius X


Papa
PIUS
Decimus


Instaurare 
Omnia in 
Christo
("Restore all 
things in 
Christ")
Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto,
O.F.S.
Riese,
Treviso, Lombardy-Venetia,
Austrian
Empire
68 / 79Encouraged
and
expanded
reception
of Holy
Communion,
 and harshly
combatted
Modernistic
theology.
Advocated
 the
Gregorian
Chant. The
most recent
pope to be
canonized
 since Pope
 Saint Pius V.


258

CoA Benedetto XV.svg
3
September
 1914

22
January
1922
(7 years,
141 days)
Benedictus XV.jpg
Benedict XV


Papa
BENEDICTUS

Quintus
Decimus

In te, Domine, speravi:
non confundar
 in aeternum.
("In thee, 
o Lord, have 
I trusted: let me 
not be c
on founded 
for evermore.")
Giacomo
Paolo
Giovanni Battista
Della
 Chiesa,
O.F.S.
Genoa,
Pegli,
Kingdom
of
Piedmont-Sardinia
59 / 67Credited
for
 intervening
 for peace
during World
 War I
and
promulgating
the 1917
 Code of
Canon Law.
 Known as
the "Pope
 of Missions"
 due to
 his support
of missionaries
 in 

Maximum
 Illud
..
 
Remembered
by
 Pope
Benedict
XVI
 as a
"prophet
of peace".
259

C o a Pio XI.svg
6
 February
1922

10
February
1939
(17 years,
4 days)
Pio111922.jpg
Pius XI


Papa
PIUS
Undecimus



Pax Christi 
in Regno 
Christi
("The Peace of 
Christ in the
 Kingdom
 of Christ")
Achille Ambrogio Damiano
 Ratti,
O.F.S.
Desio, Lombardy-Venetia,
Austrian
Empire
64 / 81Signed the
Lateran Treaty
 with Italy
 in 1929,
establishing
Vatican City
 as a
sovereign state.
 Credited
 with being
 the pontiff
 that reigned
between the
 two wars.
Created the
Pontifical
Academy
of Sciences
in 1936
and inaugurated
Vatican 

Radio
 in 1931.
Credited
 for speaking
out against
 Communism,
Nazism and
Fascism.
Created
the feast
of Christ
the King.


260

Pius 12 coa.svg
2
March
1939

9
October
1958
(19 years,
221 days)
PiusXII12.jpg
Ven. Pius XII


Papa
 PIUS
Duodecimus



Opus J
ustitiae 
Pax
("The work 
of  justice 
[shall be] 
peace")
Eugenio
Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli,
O.F.S.
Rome,
 Kingdom
 of Italy
63 / 82Invoked
papal
infallibility
 in the
papal encyclical
Munificen
-tissimus Deus
 and
defined the
 dogma
of the Assumption
of the
Blessed
Virgin
 Mary both
 in
1950.
 Eliminated
 the
 Italian
majority
 within the
College of
Cardinals
 in a 1946
consistory.
Known
for
 intervening
for peace during
World
 War II.
Credited
with laying
 the ground
work for the
Second Vatican Council.
 Contro
-versial
for his
 actions or
inactions in
saving the
lives of
Jewish
people
during the
Holocaust.


261

John 23 coa.svg
28
 October
 1958

3
 June
 1963
(4 years,
218 days)
JohnXXIII, photo.jpg
Bd. John XXIII

Papa
 IOANNES

Vicesimus
Tertius



Obedientia 
et Pax
("Obedience
 and peace")
Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli,
O.F.S.
Sotto il
Monte,
Bergamo, Kingdom
of Italy
76 / 81Convoked
 and
opened the
Second
Vatican
Council;
 sometimes
called
 "Good Pope
John" and
 "Johnny
Walker".
Known for
 issuing the
 famed
encyclical
 Pacem in
 Terris
 on peace
 and nuclear disarmament; intervened
for peace
during the
Cuban
Missile Crisis
of 1962.


262

Coat of Arms of Pope Paul VI.svg
21
June
1963

 6
 August
1978
(15 years,
46 days)
Pope Paul VI portrait.jpg
Ven. Paul VI

Papa
PAULUS
Sextus




Cum Ipso
 in Monte
("With Him 
on the 
mount")
Giovanni Battista
Enrico
Antonio
 Maria
Montini
Concesio,
Brescia, Kingdom
 of Italy
65 / 80The last
 pope to
be crowned
in a Papal
Coronation
mass with
the Papal
Tiara. The
 first pope
 to travel to
the United
States of
 America
 and Australia.
 The first
 pontiff since
 1870 to
 travel outside of Italy.
Concluded the Second
Vatican
 Council.
Known for promulgating
 the
controversial
papal encyclical
Humanae
Vitae
 on
married love
 and
contraception.


263

John paul 1 coa.svg
26
 August
 1978

28
September
 1978
(0 years,
33 days)
Papa Juan Pablo I.jpg
Servant of God
John Paul I


Papa
IOANNES 

PAULUS
 Primus



Humilitas
("Humility")
Albino
Luciani
Forno
di Canale,
Veneto, Kingdom of Italy
65 / 65Abolished
the Papal Coronation
 mass opting
for the
 Papal Inauguration
 instead.
 The first
pope to use
 'the First'
 in regnal
name. The
 first pope
with
 two names
for his two immediate prede

- cessors. Known for
 the shortest
 reign of the
 20th century.
 The last
pope to
use the
Sedia
Gestatoria.


264

John paul 2 coa.svg
16
October
1978

2
April
 2005
(26 years,
168 days)
John Paul II Medal of Freedom 2004.jpg
Bd. John Paul II
(John Paul the Great)


Papa 
IOANNES PAULUS 

Secundus (MAGNUS)

Totus Tuus
("Totally yours")
Karol
Józef
Wojtyła
Wadowice, Republic
of Poland
58 / 84The first
 Polish
 pope and
the first
non-Italian
 pope in
455 years since
Pope
Adrian VI.
 Styled as
the "Pope
 of the
Youth" and
 the "Pilgrim Pope".
Traveled extensively
and the
 first pope
 to travel to Canada.
Had the
 third
longest
 reign after
 Pius IX
and St Peter.


21st century

Numerical
order
PontificatePortraitName
English · Regnal
Motto
Latin (English)
Personal namePlace
 of
 birth
Age at start/end of papacyNotes
265

BXVI CoA like gfx PioM.svg
19
April
2005

28
 February
2013
(7 years,
315 days)
Benedicto XVI, 2011.jpg
Benedict XVI



Papa
BENEDICTUS

Sextus
Decimus




Cooperatores Veritatis
("Cooperators of the truth")
Joseph Aloisius RatzingerMarktl
am Inn, Bavaria,
Germany
78 / 85Oldest to
become
 pope since
Pope
 Clement XII
 in 1730.
Elevated the
Tridentine Mass to
a more
prominent position.
First pope
 to renounce
the papacy
on
 his own
 initiative since Pope Celestine V
in 1294,
 

retaining
regnal
name
with title of
Pope Emeritus.
266

Insigne Francisci.svg
13
 March
2013

present
(0 years,
321 days)
Pope Francis 2013.jpg
Francis



Papa
FRANCISCUS



Miserando 
atque Eligendo
("By having mercy, by choosing him")
Jorge
Mario Bergoglio,
S.J.
Flores, Buenos Aires, Argentina76 / -First pope
born outside Europe
 since
 St.Gregory III and
 first from
the Americas. First Pope
 from the Southern Hemisphere. First Jesuit
 pope. First
 to use a
 new and non-composed
 regnal name since Lando
(913–914). Canonized more saints, thus far, than all predecessors of the past three centuries. First pope to use the name of 
St. Francis of Assisi